How does Solar Charger Work


A solar charger is a device that uses direct sunlight to generate electricity. This electricity is used to charge various electrical devices. This stores the solar cells electricity in the battery and makes it available for later use, using a charging supercapacitor. The charging supercapacitor is a device that is used even if the charger is not in direct sunlight at the time of use.

How does Solar Charger Work

How does Solar Charger Work?

A Solar Charger work by using the photons from the sunlight. It makes electrons in the solar cells flow in a circuit and then causes the current and charging a battery in the solar power bank. It uses the sunlight from the sun as the main source of energy and made these chargers more popular among the various charging devices.

What are the Components Used in the Solar Charger?

The following are some major components used in the solar charger.

Solar Panels:

A solar panel is the power generating component of the charger in the portable stations. The use of these panels is to convert solar energy into electrical energy. The best solar cell material that is widely used nowadays is silicon. The best solar cells in the market are monocrystalline cells, which are widely used in portable power stations. This works in a process called the photoelectric effect, in which the photons in the sunlight strike the solar cell surface and cause electrons to break off from their orbits.

Rechargeable Battery:

Some solar chargers work without a built-in battery, but they can be used only during sunlight hours. Thus a battery is essential when you want to use the charger at any time. Batteries are devices that can store electrical energy and supply it whenever you need to charge or use the devices. For example, the dual input DCDC MPPT solar charger can deliver the power from a smart alternator as well as a solar panel, in order to perform proper charging for the service battery while you are away from your home.


PCB stands for Printed Circuit Board, which connects several small electronic items and mechanically supports them electronically. These can connect resistors, diodes, LEDs, etc. The wires are soldered to the points with positive and negative markings. Poor quality chargers might have weak solder wires, which makes physical shocks a serious problem. The circuits include a boost converter, which made the solar chargers to works perfectly. Some components protect the battery from possible surge currents.


Solar chargers are widely used to charge cellphones, laptops, which can take some time to attain full charge. These devices are useful for camping or hiking, where ever you need to charge your devices. So always select the best charger for you and it is capable of meeting your demands.