Significance of all geared Lathe Machine
There is no denying fact that necessity is the mother of all inventions. Thus all the machines are invented with a single purpose. In earlier days, giving shapes to metal was a tedious job & time-consuming process. Therefore, the invention of the lathe machine made the job of metal shaping much easier. Generally, it is used to remove the unwanted part from the metals to give it a new shape. And, the material is rotated against the tool which trims down the material into shape. However, in olden times, it was operated manually but the machine got many innovative improvements after that.
Well, the technological changes brought many versatile changes to a lathe machine. And, there are many products which we use in our daily life using metals of different shapes & sizes. So, the production of all these products has been possible only due to a lathe machine. Thus, every other industry is influenced and it can even perform the complicated process of shaping metals. Therefore, to manufacture any metal product, the basic requirement is to shape it and that is possible only due to this tool.
Necessary Elements of a Lathe Machine
Normally, it provides a variety of rotating speeds as well as different features that can enable manual and automatic controls for moving the cutting tool. And, there are various types of equipment available like light-duty, medium-duty, heavy-duty, extra heavy-duty and many more. Thus, no matter which device you choose, suiting to your job requirements, the following are the common elements which are present in every lathe machine as given below:-
1. Chuck – is used to holding the workpiece and can be replaced with Jacobs chuck or center for alternative work holding.
2. Tailstock – that is used to hold and located the tail center and can be unlocked & slid towards the chuck.
3. Tail center - that is used to hold the end of long pieces of work, as the small lengths can just be held in the chuck. And, Centre can be removed and replaced with Jacobs chuck and drill as well as the advance wheel rotated to drill the work.
4. Tool Post –that is used to hold the cutting tool in a precise location.
5. Cross Slide – This runs on the bed rails and has a mounting for the tool post which can be driven forward by the tool post advance wheel to bring the cutting tool on to the workpiece.
6. Cross Slide Advance – that is used to move the cross slide and tool post sideways as well as hence the cutting tool towards and away from the chuck.
7. Drive pulleys and belts – that are used to achieve various speeds by varying the belt position on the pulleys.